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Participate in a Study!Research Projects

 

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Nogales Cardiometabolic Health and Sleep (NoCHeS) Study

This study is funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health (R01MD01160). This project aims to understand sleep health at the US-Mexico border, the social, behavioral, and environmental factors that play a role in sleep health in this region, and the impacts of sleep on risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. This study will enroll about 1,100 people from the Nogales, AZ area. This study is being conducted in partnership with the Mariposa Community Health Centers and the promotoras de salud program.

Other researchers involved with this project include Dr. John Ruiz (University of Arizona College of Science), Dr. Patricia Haynes (University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health), Dr. Sairam Parthasarathy (University of Arizona College of Medicine), Maia Ingram (University of Arizona Prevention Research Center), Dr. Orfeu Buxton (Penn State University), and Dr. Sanjay Patel (University of Pittsburgh).

We are currently recruiting for this study! If you are an adult and live in Santa Cruz county in Arizona, you may be eligible. For questions, contact Marcos Delgadillo.


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Cardiometabolic Health And Relationships To Sleep (CHARTS Study)

This study is funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health (K23HL110216). The overall aim of this observational study was to evaluate whether habitual short sleepers (6 hours or less) differ from 7-8 hour sleepers in terms of cardiovascular and metabolic function. Other domains are assessed as well, including sleepiness, performance, behavior, and psychological functioning. This study includes (1) an online survey, (2) an intake exam, (3) home sleep testing, (4) 2-week home monitoring, and (5) 3-night in-lab study.

Collaborators on this project include Dr. Allan Pack (University of Pennsylvania), Dr. Michael Perlis (University of Pennsylvania), Dr. Sairam Parthasarathy (University of Arizona College of Medicine), Dr. Scott Killgore (University of Arizona College of Medicine).

This study is no longer recruiting. Data analysis is ongoing.

 


 

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Project REST: Recovery Enhancement and Sleep Training

This study is comprised of several projects, funded by the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) and the University of Arizona. We are examining a novel set of strategies for improving real-world sleep health in college students who are overworked, overscheduled, and have difficulty getting optimal sleep. These strategies include education, online learning, tracking, peer support, and other elements to provide a comprehensive, adaptable, flexible sleep promotion program.

Due to COVID, all Project REST programs are currently paused.


 

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Hawaiian Islands Sleep and Health Study

This study is funded by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities at the National Institutes of Health. This study aims to provide important information about how sleep health is related to social environmental stress, as well as cardiovascular and metabolic disease risk among Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders living on Oahu. This work is being conducted in collaboration with Dr. Allyson Gilles at the University of Hawaii, West Oahu.

This study is currently ongoing and recruiting from the Oahu community.


 

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Motivations of Doctor-patient Evaluations of Sleepiness and Tiredness (MODEST Study)

This study is funded by Jazz Pharmaceuticals. It is focused on the question of how real-world individuals experience and respond to daytime sleepiness. This study contains two parts. The first part of the study is an examination of collunity-level data to examine the social, behavioral, and environmental correlates of sleepiness in the population. It addition, this part of the study will examine the degree to which daytime sleepiness represents an independent health risk factor. The second part of the study involves a mixed-methods study involving focus groups, surveys, and educational materials, designed to better understand how individuals relate to sleepiness and tiredness, what would motivate them to consider it as a medical condition, and whether an educational message could change these perceptions.

This study is currently ongoing, but all recruitment is complete. Results are forthcoming.


 

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Hypknowledge: Technology Development and Validation

This project involves the development and refinement of a tech-based strategy for improving real-world sleep. Many individuals might want to get more, better sleep but may not know how to achieve this. The hypknowledge platform is designed to take real-world people (without sleep disorders) and help them optimize their sleep. It uses sleep tracking strategies and a decision engine to predict what small change an individual should make to their sleep, with the goal of eventual sleep optimization. It uses a set of algorithms to to optimize sleep slowly over time and is individuallytailored, self-correcting, and able to be deployed at scale. We are currently working on further refining and testing this platform.

This work is in collaboration with Dr. Michael Perlis (University of Pennsylvania).

Another hypknowledge trial will be starting up soon!


 

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EBB/FLOW: Examining Blue Blockers For Light Optimization and Wearability

This project is being led by grad student Brooke Mason. It has two parts. First, we are examining the spectrophotometric properties of a wide range of commercially-available blue-blocking glasses, under a range of conditions. Then, we will be deploying various glasses in real-world conditions to better understand how they are used, how they impact sleep and circadian rhythms, and how they impact functioning and productivity.

This study is ongoing and will start recruiting for the real-world study soon!


 

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Sleep and Healthy Activity, Diet, Environment, and Social Factors (SHADES Study)

This study is funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences at the National Institutes of Health (R21ES022931). The overall aim of this study is to characterize the social, environmental, and behavioral determinants of habitual short sleep duration. This study was comprised of an extensive survey that included over 1000 adults in the Philadelphia area.

Collaborators on this study included Dr. Nirav Patel (Reading Hospital), Dr. Lauren Hale (Stony Brook University), Dr. Charles Branas (Columbia University), and Dr. Michael Perlis (University of Pennsylvania).

Data collection is completed and analyses are ongoing.


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Sleep and Health in Society

Secondary analysis of population-wide data for the purpose of characterizing sleep problems in the general population, as well as identify disparities in sleep health and examine relationships among these disparities and other health outcomes. More specifically, predictors of sleep disturbance from the sociodemographic domain (e.g., gender, age, ethnicity, income, education, marital status, employment), mental health (e.g., depression, anxiety, quality of life) and health (e.g., heart disease, diabetes, stroke, smoking, exercise, alcohol use) are being investigated. Analyses ongoing.

Current projects are utilizing several existing datasets, including the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National College Health Assessment (NCHA), the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS), and other datasets.


Other Projects

We have many other projects going on at any given time. Some examples of other ongoing projects include:

  • Modifications of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Among Adults with Serious Mental Illness and Psychosis
  • Circadian Patterning of Suicide Risk in the Population
  • Development and Validation of Sleep Assessment Tools
  • Experiences of Coronavirus and Social Distancing among Mexican-Americans
  • Examination of the Bedroom Environment as a Factor in Sleep Health
  • Sleep, Health, and Acculturation at the US-Mexico Border

 

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